The Generator Celebrates Black History Month
THE BLACK ESTABLISHMENTS OF PINE BLUFF
The Flowers Medical Family
Flowers Medical Clinic – Dr. Martha A. Flowers, Family Medicine Physician
Dr. Martha A. Flowers begins her story with that of her father’s. Dr. Cleon A. Flowers, Sr. began his family medicine practice in 1946 at the Masonic Temple. The original name of the business was Cleon A. Flowers, MD Physician & Surgeon. “After completing an externship in Liberia, graduating from medical school, and serving as the medical director at the Lee County Cooperative Clinic in Marianna, Arkansas; I went into practice with my father in 1977, and we became Flowers Medical Clinic, practicing together until 2002. From that time, I practiced solo until Dr. Nana-Aisha Adamu and Windell Johnson, APRN came on board last year,” said Dr. Flowers.
This historic family practice has operated in two locations over the span of seventy-five years, in the Masonic Temple (1946-1993) and in Suite C of the Flowers Medical Building (1993-present), which was also the former site of The Links Hospital. Dr. Flowers attributes the solid foundation for her and other members of her family to her father’s legacy, citing a strong association with her brothers Dr. Clifford R. Flowers Sr. and Dr. Randall L. Flowers at Flowers Pharmacy, Dr. John A. Flowers, Sr. at Flowers Pediatric Clinic, as well as Dr. Cleon A. Flowers, Jr., a dentist who practices on the East Coast. Dr. Flowers noted that she has two nieces who have rotated through Flowers Medical Clinic – one a registered nurse and the other an Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN); she also cited their sister who is a traveling registered nurse.
In addition to what she describes as “the greatest challenge as a black physician is that of getting the best services, perks, and resources for all of my patients that are available,” Dr. Flowers also points to the responsibility and rewards of mentoring the hundreds of students she has helped over the decades she has practiced medicine. Flowers Medical Clinic has been a place where young people could come to learn about the science, practice, and business of medicine. Whether providing shadowing or internship opportunities to high school and college students, or rotations and preceptorships to medical/nursing students and resident physicians, Dr. Flowers has freely shared her foundation of exposure, advice, and training. Pre-med courses, test-prep, extensive reading, mentorship, and direct exposure to medicine comprise a formula for success that she has shared with students seeking her advice about going into medicine. Her past service on the UAMS College of Medicine Board of Admissions and as an applicant interviewer further fueled her passion for mentoring students and physician residents, which has never changed to this day.
Likewise, Dr. Martha Flowers’ commitment to her patients has been consistent, no matter the health trends and crisis. While the pandemic has changed her approach to comply with CDC guidelines for Covid-19, Flowers Medical Clinic continues to treat decades-old longtime patients, to engage the community in diabetes education and to continue the legacy of service started in 1946.
Flowers Pharmacy, LLC – Dr. Clifford R. Flowers, Sr., Pharmacist
Flowers Pharmacy was established in 1980. A very reserved and focused Dr. Clifford R. Flowers, Sr. serves as the family pharmacist in Suite A at the Flowers Medical Building. Entering the pharmacy, you are met with the history reflected by pictures of Dr. Flowers’ late father, uncle, and grandmother, all of whom set examples of the service and entrepreneurship that define Flowers Pharmacy. By the time patients reach the counter, they are met with professionalism and a personal touch that you do not get at chain pharmacies.
Inspired by only a couple of black pharmacists that he encountered as a teenager, Dr. Flowers’ dedication to the profession is part of a broader commitment to serving his community. Forty years for a pharmacy makes you pause and think about the number of pharmacies that have come in and out of the community, and all the different faces that have changed over the years. The pharmacist serves an important role in the black community, because most are the second point-of-contact after the doctor’s visit.
Flowers Pharmacy, LLC has served thousands of customers in the forty years it has been in business. Dr. Flowers is still passionate about the practice of pharmacy and helping others. He discusses the value of medicinal therapies and treatments to patients dealing with the smallest bacterial infections to the most serious medicines that prolong the lives of heart and cancer patients. He further talks about how he has encouraged customers to have different tests performed to screen for conditions and ailments that too often disparately affect African Americans. Dr. Flowers says that his recommendations have helped patients identify undiagnosed terminal illnesses, get the treatment they needed, and possibly preserve longevity of life.
When asked what advice he would give to young entrepreneurs starting in this business, his reply was, “research your market and project expenses and income.” He added that young entrepreneurs should establish relationships with their community. Dr. Flowers reflected on how much the business of pharmacy has changed over the last twenty years, in a way that has affected the patient-pharmacist relationship as well as patient care. The introduction of third-party “middlemen” who drive drug costs, patient co-pays, and pharmacy reimbursements from insurance companies and Medicaid has been one of the greatest challenges for him in the pharmaceutical business.
Despite industry challenges, or even the challenge of Covid-19 that hindered patients’ ability to receive medical care and have their prescriptions filled, pharmacists have stood in the gap for patients during the pandemic and are now at the forefront of delivering the vaccine to patients across the nation. As Flowers Pharmacy fills prescriptions at the counter and drive-thru window, Dr. Clifford R. Flowers remains a professional that the community trusts resulting from forty years of integrity and dedicated service to patients and the Pine Bluff community.
Flowers Pediatric Clinic – Dr. John A. Flowers, Sr., Pediatrician
Flowers Pediatric Clinic was established in 1987, when Dr. John A. Flowers Sr. opened the doors of his pediatric clinic at 316 W. 5th Avenue in Pine Bluff. After serving his patients on Fifth Avenue for thirty-three years, he recently relocated to Suite B of the Flowers Medical Building in Pine Bluff. Dr. Flowers’ pathway to medicine began at Meharry Medical College in Nashville, Tennessee, one of the nation’s three historically black medical colleges where his father, brother, sister, cousin, and he graduated from. His pride as a pediatrician shows in the stellar conversation he delivers about the profession and the large display of accomplishments on his walls from his educational and service awards.
Although a longstanding business in the health industry, Flowers Pediatric Clinic is not only Dr. Flowers’ life’s work but a labor of love that he sees as his portal through which to help others, serve his community and give back. He has given back in many ways, including leadership and membership in the Arkansas Medical, Dental and Pharmaceutical Association (AMDPA) and Southeast Arkansas Medical Network (SAMN), mentoring UAPB pre-med students as well as nursing students he has served as a preceptor for, advocacy for literacy and higher education. Dr. Flowers beams with pride when talking about Pine Bluff and the generations of children he has treated throughout the region. He shared that he treats the grandson of his first patient at the Fifth Avenue clinic.
Dr. Flowers readily expresses profound gratitude for the opportunities he was afforded by his parents, grandparents, uncles, and other family professionals who served as his role models and support system, steering him to medical school and beyond. Through his father’s church, he received a Rockefeller Fellowship in Lagos, Nigeria under the Institution of Higher Learning in Medicine for a medical review article he submitted to a national medical journal. Dr. O. Ransom-Kuti, a world-renowned pediatrician served as his mentor. Dr. Flowers recounted his experiences with Dr. Ransom-Kuti in “the bush” where he studied tropical pediatric infectious diseases. “I would go to the bush, sometimes every weekend, where there were no labs, or x-rays, and blood had to be drawn and sent to a lab in Lagos,” he said. He described watching a patient receive a heart procedure that he could not perform as he was not yet licensed, but later performed during his residency at Martin Luther King Hospital in Los Angeles, California.
Dr. John A. Flowers, Sr. passionately talks about his struggles as a black physician. His conversation peered into his training as a resident at Martin Luther King Hospital, where he led a strike for his patients to receive quality health care and fair treatment. The social justice stances he took were influenced by his experiences as a medical intern, during which he witnessed graphic poverty and inhumane treatment. He also detailed the impact that exposure to the many black physicians, dentists, and pharmacists in Pine Bluff growing up had on him. What equally impacts him today is how “the number of black health professionals in Pine Bluff have dramatically declined over the years while the social issues and racial health disparities are worse than when I was a child.”
Thousands of children have experienced Dr. Flowers’ medical care, his concern about their progress at home and in school, as well as his seemingly endless probing questions about their interest in becoming a doctor one day. He still tells his young patients that he needs them to go to medical school and come back and help him someday. While he waits, he continues to see patients and give back, mostly through paid internships for UAPB pre-med students.
The Generator@GFPB wanted to know how Dr. Flowers’ clinic had been affected by Covid-19. He shared that the disparate impact of Covid-19 on Pine Bluff families is one of his most pressing concerns. His clinic has been affected by the pandemic like most businesses have. However, Dr. Flowers’ response has not been limited to outfitting his office with all the PPE essentials. In his role as a trusted health leader of nearly five decades, he warns patients and parents to be incredibly careful about becoming exposed and advises adults to get vaccinated.
The Generator@GFPB celebrates the Flowers Family Medical Services as Pine Bluff Black Establishments. The Flowers are located at 1401 South State St., Pine Bluff, Arkansas.
The Generator Team – February 18, 2021